Fearing a Veto Threat, Security Council Delays Action on North Korea

By Rodney Reynolds

 Model of a Unha-9 rocket on display at a floral exhibition in Pyongyang, 30 August 2013 | Credit: Wikimedia Commons

UNITED NATIONS (IDN) – When the 15-member UN Security Council (UNSC) met at an emergency session on February 7, a non-working Sunday afternoon, to discuss the most recent defiance by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), the outcome was predictable.

After “urgent consultations”, the UNSC “strongly condemned” DPRK for launching a rocket which could lead to the future development of intercontinental ballistic missile technologies.

Japan and Kazakhstan Campaign for Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

By Ramesh Jaura

VIENNA | TOKYO (IDN) - As the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) prepares to convene a ministerial meeting in June, Kazakhstan and Japan have reaffirmed their commitment to intensify their efforts toward entry into force of the Treaty. [P43] ARABIC | HINDI | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN | PERSIAN | PORTUGUESE | TURKISH

Nuclear-Test-Ban Debate Focuses on Iran and North Korea

By Ramesh Jaura

VIENNA (IDN) - Iran and North Korea dominated the landmark symposium ‘Science and Diplomacy for Peace and Security’ organised by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) end of January in Vienna, the capital of Austria.

As chance would have it, ahead of the event, on January 16, U.S. President Barack Obama revoked a 20-year system of sanctions against Iran and Federica Mogherini, the European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs, announced the lifting of EU economic blockade against Tehran.

Kazakh Efforts Lead to a UN Declaration on a Nuke Free World

By J Nastranis

NEW YORK (IDN) - The Central Asian Republic of Kazakhstan is widely acknowledged as an unrelenting champion of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The country’s latest accomplishment is the resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly along with the Universal Declaration on the Achievement of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World.

Banning The Bomb With Science And Diplomacy

By Ramesh Jaura

BERLIN | VIENNA (IDN) - The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is organising a symposium on the role of science and diplomacy for peace and security as the first in a series of events this year to push for entry into force of a law prohibiting atomic explosions by everyone and everywhere.

New Study Says Next Generation Remains Oblivious To Nuclear Dangers

By Rodney Reynolds

UNITED NATIONS (IDN) – For over 70 years since the disastrous bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, peace activists have continued their relentless global campaign for a world without nuclear weapons.

The United Nations, which has remained engaged in a longstanding debate, continues to adopt scores of resolutions every year on nuclear disarmament.   

And in December, not surprisingly, the 193-member General Assembly wrapped up its 2015 sessions adopting 57 draft resolutions on arms control and disarmament – 23 of which were on nuclear weapons. [P42] ARABIC | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | KOREAN TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN

Security Council Joins The U.S. And EU In Removing Sanctions Against Iran

 By J. Nastranis

NEW YORK | VIENNA (IDN) - While the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed the lifting of sanctions on Iran, the Security Council announced on January 17 that it has removed Iranian Bank Sepah and its international subsidiary from a sanctions list.

Multilateral Diplomacy Triumphs As Sanctions Against Iran Are Lifted

By Jaya Ramachandran

VIENNA (IDN) - Political will and multilateral diplomacy marked a milestone as U.S. President Barack Obama revoked a 20-year system of sanctions against Iran and Federica Mogherini, the European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and a Council member of the Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND), announced the lifting of EU economic blockade against Tehran on January 16.

A Turning Point in the Iran File: Implementation Day

By James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS)

On January 16 the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Director General Yukiya Amano issued a report to the UN Security Council and the IAEA's Board of Governors that, with immediate effect, results in the termination of sanctions under all previous resolutions adopted by the Security Council on Iran's nuclear program.

North Korea’s Defiance Underlines The Urgency To Eradicate All Nuclear Weapons

By Somar Wijayadasa* | IDN-InDepthNews Analysis

NEW YORK (IDN) - North Korea defied world powers, on January 6, by announcing that it had successfully tested a miniaturized hydrogen nuclear device – in contravention of the international norm against nuclear testing.

The miniaturizing allows the device to be placed on a missile thereby significantly increasing its strike capabilities not only against Japan and South Korea but also against the United States.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said: "This test, once again, violates numerous Security Council resolutions despite the united call by the international community to cease such activities.”