By Jayantha Dhanapala*
NAGASAKI (IDN) - The recent Nagasaki Pugwash Conference coincided with many significant anniversaries in the history of global peace and security – on this occasion with strong links to the host country, Japan.
- It was the 70th anniversary of the United Nations Organization, which underpins the prevailing global system of peace and security with its Charter and the framework of norms and values it upholds;
- It was the 60th anniversary of the Pugwash bedrock document and surely one of the earliest formulations of the “Humanitarian Pledge” of today – the 1955 London Manifesto of the Pugwash founding fathers Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell – one of whose co-signatories was Professor Hideki Yukawa, the Nobel Physics Laureate from Kyoto University, Japan;
By International Press Syndicate*
TOKYO (INPS | IDN) - The Pugwash Conference, which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995, has urged all nuclear weapon states to abandon nuclear-weapon system modernization programmes, and spend the billions of dollars earmarked for those programs on minimizing nuclear risks, preventing accidental launches and cyber attacks, and promoting disarmament.
By Jeffrey Moyo
HARARE (IDN) - Nuclear disarmament is a non-issue in Southern Africa. Because no African country possesses nuclear weapons. In fact the 38-nation African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (ANWFZ) Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Pelindaba, signed in 1996, established a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Africa. The treaty came into effect on July 15, 2009. [P39] ARABIC | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN
By Thalif Deen
[P38] GERMAN | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | PORTUGUESE | TURKISH
- Against the backdrop of a potential military confrontation between the world’s two major nuclear powers – the United States and Russia – the United Nations is taking a significant step towards a hitherto impossible goal: nuclear disarmament.
By Neena Bhandari
SYDNEY (IDN) - Though the Australian Parliament has not yet ratified the Australia-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement signed in 2014, civil society, environment and disarmament advocates caution that sale of uranium to India would fuel a nuclear arms race in the region and undermine Australia’s strong credentials as an exponent of nuclear safeguards policies. [P37] GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Emad Mekay*
CAIRO (IDN) - When the U.S.-Iran nuclear deal was announced in July, the image in state-controlled Saudi media was of Western powers caving in to a new powerful neighboring foe. The usually reticent Saudi officials paid the usual diplomatic lip-service to the agreement but social media, academia and state-owned news outlet all portrayed a different picture; profound Saudi anxiety that included statements that the oil-rich country can use its wealth to go nuclear. [P36] ARABIC | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN | PERSIAN
By Ranjit Fernando
UNITED NATIONS (IDN) - The Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is mandated to promote the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear technologies, says the global nuclear landscape continues to change – amidst a rise in power plants worldwide.
NAGASAKI (IDN) - Officials of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs will present global symbols of peace to the people of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in a special ceremony, which will take place on November 1, 2015 at 9:00 am (local time) at the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum.
This ceremony will mark the 70th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the 60th anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, and the 20th anniversary of the Nobel award to the Pugwash Conferences.
By Fabíola Ortiz
NEW YORK (IDN) - An effective verification of atomic arsenals as well as that of nuclear material and other military activities is a pre-condition for achieving a world free of nuclear weapons, experts told IDN. They were participating in a briefing to update on International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification (IPNDV) at the UN Headquarters in New York. [P35] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Jaya Ramachandran
BERLIN (IDN) - With a view to promoting entry-into-force of the nuclear test ban treaty, the European Union (EU) has decided to increase its support to the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) by contributing an additional amount of 3 million euros (about 3.9 million dollars). This brings the bloc’s voluntary financial contributions since 2006 to a total of some 19 million euros (nearly 21.5 million dollars). [P34] GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN
- The Complex Game of Counting U.S. and Russian ‘Warheads'
- Nuke Disarmament Groups Ask Obama and Putin to ‘Reduce Nuclear Risks’
- Kazakh and Japan Go ‘Aggressive’ for Entry into Force of Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty
- U.S. 100th Member State to Join Nuke Terrorism Treaty
- Japan and Kazakh to Facilitate Entry into Force of Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty