By Jayantha Dhanapala*
This article was originally published as Foreword to ‘Don’t Bank on the Bomb – A Global Report on the Financing of Nuclear Weapons Producers’, a joint publication of PAX and ICAN.
KANDY, Sri Lanka (IDN) - In a world of unconscionably high military expenditures which feed the conflicts that cause death, destruction and displacement of millions, we need to be constantly reminded of the wise words of President Dwight Eisenhower – a military man, who distinguished himself in World War II and then went on to be the U.S. President for two terms. Addressing his nation in a farewell address on January 17, 1961 Eisenhower - who I was privileged to meet as a student visitor to the US in 1957 – said:
By Rodney Reynolds
UNITED NATIONS (IDN) – When the world’s major nuclear powers express their support for nuclear disarmament, their political rhetoric usually fails to match their actions – even as they continue to modernize their arsenals. Undeterred, the UN’s Committee on Disarmament and International Security (also known as the First Committee) traditionally adopts a cluster of over 15-20 resolutions every year – mostly on arms control and nuclear disarmament. [P40] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Jayantha Dhanapala*
NAGASAKI (IDN) - The recent Nagasaki Pugwash Conference coincided with many significant anniversaries in the history of global peace and security – on this occasion with strong links to the host country, Japan.
- It was the 70th anniversary of the United Nations Organization, which underpins the prevailing global system of peace and security with its Charter and the framework of norms and values it upholds;
- It was the 60th anniversary of the Pugwash bedrock document and surely one of the earliest formulations of the “Humanitarian Pledge” of today – the 1955 London Manifesto of the Pugwash founding fathers Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell – one of whose co-signatories was Professor Hideki Yukawa, the Nobel Physics Laureate from Kyoto University, Japan;
By International Press Syndicate*
TOKYO (INPS | IDN) - The Pugwash Conference, which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995, has urged all nuclear weapon states to abandon nuclear-weapon system modernization programmes, and spend the billions of dollars earmarked for those programs on minimizing nuclear risks, preventing accidental launches and cyber attacks, and promoting disarmament.
By Jeffrey Moyo
HARARE (IDN) - Nuclear disarmament is a non-issue in Southern Africa. Because no African country possesses nuclear weapons. In fact the 38-nation African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (ANWFZ) Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Pelindaba, signed in 1996, established a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Africa. The treaty came into effect on July 15, 2009. [P39] GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Thalif Deen
[P38] GERMAN | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | PORTUGUESE
- Against the backdrop of a potential military confrontation between the world’s two major nuclear powers – the United States and Russia – the United Nations is taking a significant step towards a hitherto impossible goal: nuclear disarmament.
By Neena Bhandari
SYDNEY (IDN) - Though the Australian Parliament has not yet ratified the Australia-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement signed in 2014, civil society, environment and disarmament advocates caution that sale of uranium to India would fuel a nuclear arms race in the region and undermine Australia’s strong credentials as an exponent of nuclear safeguards policies. [P37] GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Emad Mekay*
CAIRO (IDN) - When the U.S.-Iran nuclear deal was announced in July, the image in state-controlled Saudi media was of Western powers caving in to a new powerful neighboring foe. The usually reticent Saudi officials paid the usual diplomatic lip-service to the agreement but social media, academia and state-owned news outlet all portrayed a different picture; profound Saudi anxiety that included statements that the oil-rich country can use its wealth to go nuclear. [P36] ARABIC | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF
By Ranjit Fernando
UNITED NATIONS (IDN) - The Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is mandated to promote the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear technologies, says the global nuclear landscape continues to change – amidst a rise in power plants worldwide.
NAGASAKI (IDN) - Officials of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs will present global symbols of peace to the people of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in a special ceremony, which will take place on November 1, 2015 at 9:00 am (local time) at the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum.
This ceremony will mark the 70th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the 60th anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, and the 20th anniversary of the Nobel award to the Pugwash Conferences.
- International Partnership Updates on Nuclear Disarmament Verification
- EU Gives Additional Funds to Promote Entry into Force of Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
- The Complex Game of Counting U.S. and Russian ‘Warheads'
- Nuke Disarmament Groups Ask Obama and Putin to ‘Reduce Nuclear Risks’
- Kazakh and Japan Go ‘Aggressive’ for Entry into Force of Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty